SQL Server script to backup all user databases.

-- article: http://www.technologytoolbox.com/blog/jjameson/archive/2008/05/30/backing-up-user-databases-in-sql-server-and-sql-server-express.aspx
-- github: https://github.com/jeremy-jameson/Toolbox/blob/master/SQL/BackupUserDatabases.sql

use [Tools];
go

create proc dbo.BackupUserDatabases(
    @backupType varchar(15)
)
as
begin
    declare @backupFolder varchar(255);
    set @backupFolder = 'C:\NotBackedUp\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL.1\MSSQL\Backup\' + @backupType;

    declare @timestamp datetime;
    declare @dateString varchar(8);
    declare @timeString varchar(12);

    select @timestamp = GETDATE();
    select @dateString = CONVERT(varchar(8), @timestamp, 112);
    select @timeString = CONVERT(varchar(12), @timestamp, 14);

    -- Remove seconds from timestamp
    set @timeString = LEFT(REPLACE(@timeString, ':', ''), 4);

    declare @databases table(
        ID int identity(1, 1),
        DatabaseName sysname
    );

    insert into @databases
    select name
    from master.dbo.sysdatabases
    where name not in ('master', 'model', 'msdb', 'tempdb');

    declare @id tinyint;
    select @id = MIN(ID)
    from @databases;

    while @id is not null
        begin
            declare @databaseName sysname;
            select @databaseName = DatabaseName
            from @databases
            where ID = @id;

            declare @backupFileName varchar(512);
            select @backupFileName = @databaseName + '_backup_' + @dateString + @timeString + '.bak';
            if @backupType = 'Full'
                begin
                    exec ('BACKUP DATABASE ['+@databaseName+'] TO DISK ='''+@backupFolder+'\'+@BackupFileName+'''');
            end;
                else
                begin
                    if @backupType = 'Differential'
                        begin
                            exec ('BACKUP DATABASE ['+@databaseName+'] TO DISK ='''+@backupFolder+'\'+@BackupFileName+''' WITH DIFFERENTIAL');
                    end;
                        else
                        begin
                            if @backupType = 'Transaction Log'
                                begin
                                    declare @recoveryModel sql_variant;
                                    select @recoveryModel = DATABASEPROPERTYEX(@databaseName, 'Recovery');
                                    if @recoveryModel <> 'SIMPLE'
                                        begin
                                            exec ('BACKUP LOG ['+@databaseName+'] TO DISK ='''+@backupFolder+'\'+@BackupFileName+'''');
                                    end;
                            end;
                                else
                                begin
                                    raiserror('Invalid backup type', 16, 1);
                            end;
                    end;
            end;
            delete from @databases
            where ID = @id;
            select @id = MIN(ID)
            from @databases;
        end;
end;