Escapes the LDAP search filter to prevent LDAP injection attacks.

/// <summary>
/// Escapes the LDAP search filter to prevent LDAP injection attacks.
/// </summary>
/// <param name="searchFilter">The search filter.</param>
/// <see cref="https://blogs.oracle.com/shankar/entry/what_is_ldap_injection" />
/// <see cref="http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa746475.aspx" />
/// <returns>The escaped search filter.</returns>
private static string EscapeLdapSearchFilter(string searchFilter)
{
    StringBuilder escape = new StringBuilder();

    for (int i = 0; i < searchFilter.Length; ++i)
    {
        char current = searchFilter[i];
        switch (current)
        {
            case '\\':
                escape.Append(@"\5c");
                break;
            case '*':
                escape.Append(@"\2a");
                break;
            case '(':
                escape.Append(@"\28");
                break;
            case ')':
                escape.Append(@"\29");
                break;
            case '\u0000':
                escape.Append(@"\00");
                break;
            case '/':
                escape.Append(@"\2f");
                break;
            default:
                escape.Append(current);
                break;
        }
    }

    return escape.ToString();
}