PowerShell Module to import large CSV's into SQL Server. Import-CsvToSql takes advantage of .NET's super fast SqlBulkCopy class to import CSV files into SQL Server at up to 90,000 rows a second.

#Requires -Version 3
Function Import-CsvToSql {
<#
    .SYNOPSIS

    Efficiently imports very large (and small) CSV files into SQL Server using
    only the .NET Framework and PowerShell.

    .DESCRIPTION

    Import-CsvToSql takes advantage of .NET's super fast SqlBulkCopy class to
    import CSV files into SQL Server at up to 90,000 rows a second.

    The entire import is contained within a transaction, so if a failure occurs
    or the script is aborted, no changes will persist.

    If the table specified does not exist, it will be automatically created
    using best guessed data types. In addition, the destination table can be
    truncated prior to import.

    The Query parameter be used to import only data returned from a SQL Query
    executed against the CSV file(s). This function supports a number of bulk
    copy options. Please see parameter list for details.

    .PARAMETER CSV

    Required. The location of the CSV file(s) to be imported. Multiple files are
    allowed, so long as they are formatted similarly. If no CSV file is
    specified, a Dialog box will appear.

    .PARAMETER FirstRowColumns

    Optional. This parameter specifies whether the first row contains column
    names. If the first row does not contain column names and -Query is
    specified, use field names "column1, column2, column3" and so on.

    .PARAMETER Delimiter

    Optional. If you do not pass a Delimiter, then a comma will be used. Valid
    Delimiters include: tab "`t", pipe "|", semicolon ";", and space " ".

    .PARAMETER SqlServer

    Required. The destination SQL Server.

    .PARAMETER SqlCredential

    Connect to SQL Server using specified SQL Login credentials.

    .PARAMETER Database

    Required. The name of the database where the CSV will be imported into. This
    parameter is autopopulated using the -SqlServer and -SqlCredential
    (optional) parameters.

    .PARAMETER Table

    SQL table or view where CSV will be imported into.

    If a table name is not specified, the table name will be automatically
    determined from filename, and a prompt will appear to confirm table name.

    If table does not currently exist, it will created.  SQL datatypes are
    determined from the first row of the CSV that contains data (skips first row
    if -FirstRowColumns). Datatypes used are: bigint, numeric, datetime and
    varchar(MAX).

    If the automatically generated table datatypes do not work for you, please
    create the table prior to import.

    .PARAMETER Truncate
    Truncate table prior to import.

    .PARAMETER Safe

    Optional. By default, Import-CsvToSql uses StreamReader for imports.
    StreamReader is super fast, but may not properly parse some files. Safe uses
    OleDb to import the records, it's slower, but more predictable when it comes
    to parsing CSV files. A schema.ini is automatically generated for best
    results. If schema.ini currently exists in the directory, it will be moved
    to a temporary location, then moved back.

    OleDB also enables the script to use the -Query parameter, which enables you
    to import specific subsets of data within a CSV file. OleDB imports at up to
    21,000 rows/sec.

    .PARAMETER Turbo

    Optional. Cannot be used in conjunction with -Query.

    Remember the Turbo button? This one actually works. Turbo is mega fast, but
    may not handle some datatypes as well as other methods. If your CSV file is
    rather vanilla and doesn't have a ton of NULLs, Turbo may work well for you.
    Note: Turbo mode uses a Table Lock.

    StreamReader/Turbo imports at up to 90,000 rows/sec (well, 93,000 locally
    for a 19 column file so, really, the number may be over 100,000 rows/sec for
    tables with only a couple columns using optimized datatypes).

    .PARAMETER First

    Only import first X rows. Count starts at the top of the file, but skips the
    first row if FirstRowColumns was specifeid.

    Use -Query if you need advanced First (TOP) functionality.

    .PARAMETER Query

    Optional. Cannot be used in conjunction with -Turbo or -First. When Query is
    specified, the slower import method, OleDb, will be used.

    If you want to import just the results of a specific query from your CSV
    file, use this parameter. To make command line queries easy, this module
    will convert the word "csv" to the actual CSV formatted table name. If the
    FirstRowColumns switch is not used, the query should use column1, column2,
    column3, etc

    Example: select column1, column2, column3 from csv where column2 > 5
    Example: select distinct artist from csv
    Example: select top 100 artist, album from csv where category = 'Folk'

    See EXAMPLES for more example syntax.

    .PARAMETER TableLock

    SqlBulkCopy option. Per Microsoft "Obtain a bulk update lock for the
    duration of the bulk copy operation. When not specified, row locks are
    used." TableLock is automatically used when Turbo is specified.

    .PARAMETER CheckConstraints

    SqlBulkCopy option. Per Microsoft "Check constraints while data is being
    inserted. By default, constraints are not checked."

    .PARAMETER FireTriggers

    SqlBulkCopy option. Per Microsoft "When specified, cause the server to fire
    the insert triggers for the rows being inserted into the database."

    .PARAMETER KeepIdentity

    SqlBulkCopy option. Per Microsoft "Preserve source identity values. When not
    specified, identity values are assigned by the destination."

    .PARAMETER KeepNulls

    SqlBulkCopy option. Per Microsoft "Preserve null values in the destination
    table regardless of the settings for default values. When not specified,
    null values are replaced by default values where applicable."

    .PARAMETER shellswitch

    Internal parameter.

    .PARAMETER SqlCredentialPath

    Internal parameter.

    .NOTES

    Author: Chrissy LeMaire
    Requires: PowerShell 3.0
    Version: 0.8.2
    DateUpdated: 2015-Sept-6

    .LINK

    https://gallery.technet.microsoft.com/scriptcenter/Import-Large-CSVs-into-SQL-fa339046

    .EXAMPLE

    Import-CsvToSql -Csv C:\temp\housing.csv -SqlServer sql001 -Database markets

    Imports the entire *comma delimited* housing.csv to the SQL "markets"
    database on a SQL Server named sql001. Since a table name was not specified,
    the table name is automatically determined from filename as "housing" and a
    prompt will appear to confirm table name.

    The first row is not skipped, as it does not contain column names.

    .EXAMPLE

    Import-CsvToSql -Csv .\housing.csv -SqlServer sql001 -Database markets -Table housing -First 100000 -Safe -Delimiter "`t" -FirstRowColumns

    Imports the first 100,000 rows of the tab delimited housing.csv file to the
    "housing" table in the "markets" database on a SQL Server named sql001.
    Since Safe was specified, the OleDB method will be used for the bulk import.
    It's assumed Safe was used because the first attempt without -Safe resulted
    in an import error. The first row is skipped, as it contains column names.

    .EXAMPLE

    Import-CsvToSql -csv C:\temp\huge.txt -sqlserver sqlcluster -Database locations -Table latitudes -Delimiter "|" -Turbo

    Imports all records from the pipe delimited huge.txt file using the fastest
    method possible into the latitudes table within the locations database.
    Obtains a table lock for the duration of the bulk copy operation. This
    specific command has been used to import over 10.5 million rows in 2
    minutes.

    .EXAMPLE

    Import-CsvToSql -Csv C:\temp\housing.csv, .\housing2.csv -SqlServer sql001 -Database markets -Table `
    housing -Delimiter "`t" -query "select top 100000 column1, column3 from csv" -Truncate

    Truncates the "housing" table, then imports columns 1 and 3 of the first
    100000 rows of the tab-delimited housing.csv in the C:\temp directory, and
    housing2.csv in the current directory. Since the query is executed against
    both files, a total of 200,000 rows will be imported.

    .EXAMPLE

    Import-CsvToSql -Csv C:\temp\housing.csv -SqlServer sql001 -Database markets -Table housing -query `
    "select address, zip from csv where state = 'Louisiana'" -FirstRowColumns -Truncate -FireTriggers

    Uses the first line to determine CSV column names. Truncates the "housing"
    table on the SQL Server, then imports the address and zip columns from all
    records in the housing.csv where the state equals Louisiana.

    Triggers are fired for all rows. Note that this does slightly slow down the
    import.
    #>
    [CmdletBinding(DefaultParameterSetName="Default")]
    Param(
        [string[]]$Csv,
        [Parameter(Mandatory=$true)]
        [string]$SqlServer,
        [object]$SqlCredential,
        [string]$Table,
        [switch]$Truncate,
        [string]$Delimiter = ",",
        [switch]$FirstRowColumns,
        [parameter(ParameterSetName="reader")]
        [switch]$Turbo,
        [parameter(ParameterSetName="ole")]
        [switch]$Safe,
        [int]$First = 0,
        [parameter(ParameterSetName="ole")]
        [string]$Query = "select * from csv",
        [int]$BatchSize = 50000,
        [int]$NotifyAfter,
        [switch]$TableLock,
        [switch]$CheckConstraints,
        [switch]$FireTriggers,
        [switch]$KeepIdentity,
        [switch]$KeepNulls,
        [switch]$shellswitch,
        [string]$SqlCredentialPath
        )

DynamicParam  {

    if ($sqlserver.length -gt 0) {
        # Auto populate database list from specified sqlserver
        $paramconn = New-Object System.Data.SqlClient.SqlConnection

        if ($SqlCredentialPath.length -gt 0) {
            $SqlCredential = Import-CliXml $SqlCredentialPath
        }

        if ($SqlCredential.count -eq 0 -or $SqlCredential -eq $null) {
            $paramconn.ConnectionString = "Data Source=$sqlserver;Integrated Security=True;"
        } else {
            $paramconn.ConnectionString = "Data Source=$sqlserver;User Id=$($SqlCredential.UserName); Password=$($SqlCredential.GetNetworkCredential().Password);"
        }

        try {
            $paramconn.Open()
            $sql = "select name from master.dbo.sysdatabases"
            $paramcmd = New-Object System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand($sql, $paramconn, $null)
            $paramdt = New-Object System.Data.DataTable
            $paramdt.Load($paramcmd.ExecuteReader())
            $databaselist = $paramdt.rows.name
            $null = $paramcmd.Dispose()
            $null = $paramconn.Close()
            $null = $paramconn.Dispose()
        } catch {
            # But if the routine fails, at least let them specify a database manually
            $databaselist = ""
        }

        # Reusable parameter setup
        $newparams = New-Object System.Management.Automation.RuntimeDefinedParameterDictionary
        $attributes = New-Object System.Management.Automation.ParameterAttribute
        $attributes.Mandatory = $false

        # Database list parameter setup
        $dbattributes = New-Object -Type System.Collections.ObjectModel.Collection[System.Attribute]
        $dbattributes.Add($attributes)
        # If a list of databases were returned, populate the parameter set
        if ($databaselist.length -gt 0) {
            $dbvalidationset = New-Object System.Management.Automation.ValidateSetAttribute -ArgumentList $databaselist
            $dbattributes.Add($dbvalidationset)
        }

        $Database = New-Object -Type System.Management.Automation.RuntimeDefinedParameter("Database", [String], $dbattributes)
        $newparams.Add("Database", $Database)
        return $newparams
    }
}

    Begin {
        Function Parse-OleQuery {
        <#
            .SYNOPSIS
            Tests to ensure query is valid. This will be used for the GUI.

            .EXAMPLE
            Parse-OleQuery -Csv sqlservera -Query $query -FirstRowColumns $FirstRowColumns -delimiter $delimiter

            .OUTPUT


         #>
            param(
                [string]$Provider,
                [Parameter(Mandatory=$true)]
                [string[]]$csv,
                [Parameter(Mandatory=$true)]
                [string]$Query,
                [Parameter(Mandatory=$true)]
                [bool]$FirstRowColumns,
                [Parameter(Mandatory=$true)]
                [string]$delimiter

            )

            if ($query.ToLower() -notmatch "\bcsv\b") {
                return "SQL statement must contain the word 'csv'."
            }

            try {
                $datasource = Split-Path $csv[0]
                $tablename = (Split-Path $csv[0] -leaf).Replace(".","#")
                 switch ($FirstRowColumns) {
                    $true { $FirstRowColumns = "Yes" }
                    $false { $FirstRowColumns = "No" }
                }
                if ($provider -ne $null) {
                    $connstring = "Provider=$provider;Data Source=$datasource;Extended Properties='text';"
                } else {
                    $connstring = "Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;Data Source=$datasource;Extended Properties='text';"
                }

                $conn = New-Object System.Data.OleDb.OleDbconnection $connstring
                $conn.Open()
                $sql = $Query -replace "\bcsv\b"," [$tablename]"
                $cmd = New-Object System.Data.OleDB.OleDBCommand
                $cmd.Connection = $conn
                $cmd.CommandText = $sql
                $null = $cmd.ExecuteReader()
                $cmd.Dispose()
                $conn.Dispose()
                return $true
            } catch { return $false }
        }

        Function Test-SqlConnection {
        <#
            .SYNOPSIS

            Uses System.Data.SqlClient to gather list of user databases.

            .EXAMPLE

            $SqlCredential = Get-Credential
            Get-SqlDatabases -SqlServer sqlservera -SqlCredential $SqlCredential

            .OUTPUT

            Array of user databases
         #>
            param(
                [Parameter(Mandatory=$true)]
                [string]$SqlServer,
                [object]$SqlCredential
            )
            $testconn = New-Object System.Data.SqlClient.SqlConnection
            if ($SqlCredential.count -eq 0) {
                $testconn.ConnectionString = "Data Source=$sqlserver;Integrated Security=True;Connection Timeout=3"
            } else {
                $testconn.ConnectionString = "Data Source=$sqlserver;User Id=$($SqlCredential.UserName); Password=$($SqlCredential.GetNetworkCredential().Password);Connection Timeout=3"
            }
            try {
                $testconn.Open()
                $testconn.Close()
                $testconn.Dispose()
                return $true
            } catch {
                $message = $_.Exception.Message.ToString()
                Write-Verbose $message
                if ($message -match "A network") { $message = "Can't connect to $sqlserver." }
                elseif ($message -match "Login failed for user") { $message = "Login failed for $username." }
                return $message
            }
        }

        Function Get-SqlDatabases {
        <#
            .SYNOPSIS
            Uses System.Data.SqlClient to gather list of user databases.

            .EXAMPLE
            $SqlCredential = Get-Credential
            Get-SqlDatabases -SqlServer sqlservera -SqlCredential $SqlCredential

            .OUTPUT
            Array of user databases

         #>
            param(
                [Parameter(Mandatory=$true)]
                [string]$SqlServer,
                [object]$SqlCredential
            )
            $paramconn = New-Object System.Data.SqlClient.SqlConnection
            if ($SqlCredential.count -eq 0) {
                $paramconn.ConnectionString = "Data Source=$sqlserver;Integrated Security=True;Connection Timeout=3"
            } else {
                $paramconn.ConnectionString = "Data Source=$sqlserver;User Id=$($SqlCredential.UserName); Password=$($SqlCredential.GetNetworkCredential().Password);Connection Timeout=3"
            }
            try {
                $paramconn.Open()
                $sql = "select name from master.dbo.sysdatabases where dbid > 4 order by name"
                $paramcmd = New-Object System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand($sql, $paramconn, $null)
                $datatable = New-Object System.Data.DataTable
                [void]$datatable.Load($paramcmd.ExecuteReader())
                $databaselist = $datatable.rows.name
                $null = $paramcmd.Dispose()
                $null = $paramconn.Close()
                $null = $paramconn.Dispose()
                return $databaselist
            } catch { throw "Cannot access $sqlserver" }
        }

        Function Get-SqlTables {
        <#
            .SYNOPSIS

            Uses System.Data.SqlClient to gather list of user databases.

            .EXAMPLE
            $SqlCredential = Get-Credential
            Get-SqlTables -SqlServer sqlservera -Database mydb -SqlCredential $SqlCredential

            .OUTPUT
            Array of tables
         #>
            param(
                [Parameter(Mandatory=$true)]
                [string]$SqlServer,
                [string]$Database,
                [object]$SqlCredential
            )
            $tableconn = New-Object System.Data.SqlClient.SqlConnection
            if ($SqlCredential.count -eq 0) {
                $tableconn.ConnectionString = "Data Source=$sqlserver;Integrated Security=True;Connection Timeout=3"
            } else {
                $username = ($SqlCredential.UserName).TrimStart("\")
                $tableconn.ConnectionString = "Data Source=$sqlserver;User Id=$username; Password=$($SqlCredential.GetNetworkCredential().Password);Connection Timeout=3"
            }
            try {
                $tableconn.Open()
                $sql = "select name from $database.sys.tables order by name"
                $tablecmd = New-Object System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand($sql, $tableconn, $null)
                $datatable = New-Object System.Data.DataTable
                [void]$datatable.Load($tablecmd.ExecuteReader())
                $tablelist = $datatable.rows.name
                $null = $tablecmd.Dispose()
                $null = $tableconn.Close()
                $null = $tableconn.Dispose()
                return $tablelist
            } catch { return }
        }

        Function Get-Columns {
            <#
                .SYNOPSIS

                TextFieldParser will be used instead of an OleDbConnection. This
                is because the OleDbConnection driver may not exist on x64.

                .EXAMPLE

                $columns = Get-Columns -Csv .\myfile.csv -Delimiter "," -FirstRowColumns $true

                .OUTPUT

                Array of column names
             #>

            param(
            [Parameter(Mandatory=$true)]
            [string[]]$Csv,
            [Parameter(Mandatory=$true)]
            [string]$Delimiter,
            [Parameter(Mandatory=$true)]
            [bool]$FirstRowColumns
            )

            $columnparser = New-Object Microsoft.VisualBasic.FileIO.TextFieldParser($csv[0])
            $columnparser.TextFieldType = "Delimited"
            $columnparser.SetDelimiters($Delimiter)
            $rawcolumns = $columnparser.ReadFields()

            if ($FirstRowColumns -eq $true) {
                $columns = ($rawcolumns | ForEach-Object { $_ -Replace '"' } |  Select-Object -Property @{Name="name"; Expression = {"[$_]"}}).name
            } else {
                $columns  = @()
                foreach ($number in 1..$rawcolumns.count ) { $columns += "[column$number]" }
            }

            $columnparser.Close()
            $columnparser.Dispose()
            return $columns
        }

        Function Get-ColumnText {
            <#
                .SYNOPSIS

                Returns an array of data, which can later be parsed for
                potential datatypes.

                .EXAMPLE

                $columns = Get-Columns -Csv .\myfile.csv -Delimiter ","

                .OUTPUT

                Array of column data
             #>
            param(
            [Parameter(Mandatory=$true)]
            [string[]]$Csv,
            [Parameter(Mandatory=$true)]
            [string]$Delimiter
            )
            $columnparser = New-Object Microsoft.VisualBasic.FileIO.TextFieldParser($csv[0])
            $columnparser.TextFieldType = "Delimited"
            $columnparser.SetDelimiters($Delimiter)
            $line = $columnparser.ReadLine()
            # Skip a line, in case first line are column names
            $line = $columnparser.ReadLine()
            $datatext = $columnparser.ReadFields()
            $columnparser.Close()
            $columnparser.Dispose()
            return $datatext
        }

        Function Write-Schemaini {
            <#
                .SYNOPSIS

                Unfortunately, passing delimiter within the OleDBConnection
                connection string is unreliable, so we'll use schema.ini instead
                The default delimiter in Windows changes depending on country,
                so we'll do this for every delimiter, even commas.

                Get OLE datatypes based on best guess of column data within the
                -Columns parameter.

                Sometimes SQL will accept a datetime that OLE won't, so Text
                will be used for datetime.

                .EXAMPLE

                $columns = Get-Columns -Csv C:\temp\myfile.csv -Delimiter ","
                $movedschemainis = Write-Schemaini -Csv  C:\temp\myfile.csv -Columns $columns -ColumnText $columntext -Delimiter "," -FirstRowColumns $true

                .OUTPUT
                Creates new schema files, that look something like this:
                [housingdata.csv]
                Format=Delimited(,)
                ColNameHeader=True
                Col1="House ID" Long
                Col2="Description" Memo
                Col3="Price" Double

                Returns an array of existing schema files that have been moved,
                if any.
             #>
            param(
            [Parameter(Mandatory=$true)]
            [string[]]$Csv,
            [Parameter(Mandatory=$true)]
            [string[]]$Columns,
            [string[]]$ColumnText,
            [Parameter(Mandatory=$true)]
            [string]$Delimiter,
            [Parameter(Mandatory=$true)]
            [bool]$FirstRowColumns
            )

                $movedschemainis = @{}
                foreach ($file in $csv) {
                    $directory = Split-Path $file
                    $schemaexists = Test-Path "$directory\schema.ini"
                    if ($schemaexists -eq $true) {
                        $newschemaname = "$env:TEMP\$(Split-Path $file -leaf)-schema.ini"
                        $movedschemainis.Add($newschemaname,"$directory\schema.ini")
                        Move-Item "$directory\schema.ini" $newschemaname -Force
                    }

                    $filename = Split-Path $file -leaf; $directory = Split-Path $file
                    Add-Content -Path "$directory\schema.ini" -Value "[$filename]"
                    Add-Content -Path "$directory\schema.ini" -Value "Format=Delimited($Delimiter)"
                    Add-Content -Path "$directory\schema.ini" -Value "ColNameHeader=$FirstRowColumns"

                    $index = 0
                    $olecolumns = ($columns | ForEach-Object { $_ -Replace "\[|\]", '"' })

                    foreach ($datatype in $columntext) {
                        $olecolumnname = $olecolumns[$index]
                        $index++

                        try { [System.Guid]::Parse($datatype) | Out-Null;  $isguid = $true } catch { $isguid = $false }

                        if ($isguid -eq $true) { $oledatatype = "Text" }
                        elseif ([int64]::TryParse($datatype,[ref]0) -eq $true) { $oledatatype = "Long" }
                        elseif ([double]::TryParse($datatype,[ref]0) -eq $true) { $oledatatype = "Double" }
                        elseif ([datetime]::TryParse($datatype,[ref]0) -eq $true) { $oledatatype = "Text" }
                        else { $oledatatype = "Memo" }

                        Add-Content -Path "$directory\schema.ini" -Value "Col$($index)`=$olecolumnname $oledatatype"
                    }
                }
                return $movedschemainis
            }

        Function New-SqlTable {
            <#
                .SYNOPSIS

                Creates new Table using existing SqlCommand.

                SQL datatypes based on best guess of column data within the
                -ColumnText parameter. Columns paramter determine column names.

                .EXAMPLE

                New-SqlTable -Csv $Csv -Delimiter $Delimiter -Columns $columns -ColumnText $columntext -SqlConn $sqlconn -Transaction $transaction

                .OUTPUT

                Creates new table
             #>

            param(
            [Parameter(Mandatory=$true)]
            [string[]]$Csv,
            [Parameter(Mandatory=$true)]
            [string]$Delimiter,
            [string[]]$Columns,
            [string[]]$ColumnText,
            [System.Data.SqlClient.SqlConnection]$sqlconn,
            [System.Data.SqlClient.SqlTransaction]$transaction
            )
                # Get SQL datatypes by best guess on first data row
                $sqldatatypes = @(); $index = 0

                foreach ($column in $columntext) {
                    $sqlcolumnname = $Columns[$index]
                    $index++

                    # bigint, float, and datetime are more accurate, but it didn't work
                    # as often as it should have, so we'll just go for a smaller datatype
                    if ([int64]::TryParse($column,[ref]0) -eq $true) { $sqldatatype = "varchar(255)" }
                    elseif ([double]::TryParse($column,[ref]0) -eq $true) { $sqldatatype = "varchar(255)"  }
                    elseif ([datetime]::TryParse($column,[ref]0) -eq $true) { $sqldatatype = "varchar(255)"  }
                    else { $sqldatatype = "varchar(MAX)" }

                    $sqldatatypes += "$sqlcolumnname $sqldatatype"
                }

            $sql = "BEGIN CREATE TABLE [$table] ($($sqldatatypes -join ' NULL,')) END"
            $sqlcmd = New-Object System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand($sql, $sqlconn, $transaction)
            try { $null = $sqlcmd.ExecuteNonQuery()} catch {
                $errormessage = $_.Exception.Message.ToString()
                throw "Failed to execute $sql. `nDid you specify the proper delimiter? `n$errormessage"
            }

            Write-Output "[*] Successfully created table $table with the following column definitions:`n $($sqldatatypes -join "`n ")"
            # Write-Warning "All columns are created using a best guess, and use their maximum datatype."
            Write-Warning "This is inefficient but allows the script to import without issues."
            Write-Warning "Consider creating the table first using best practices if the data will be used in production."
    }


        if ($shellswitch -eq $false) { Write-Output "[*] Started at $(Get-Date)" }

        # Load the basics
        [void][Reflection.Assembly]::LoadWithPartialName("System.Data")
        [void][Reflection.Assembly]::LoadWithPartialName("Microsoft.VisualBasic")
        [void][Reflection.Assembly]::LoadWithPartialName("System.Windows.Forms")

        # Getting the total rows copied is a challenge. Use SqlBulkCopyExtension.
        # http://stackoverflow.com/questions/1188384/sqlbulkcopy-row-count-when-complete

        $source = 'namespace System.Data.SqlClient
            {
                using Reflection;

                public static class SqlBulkCopyExtension
                {
                    const String _rowsCopiedFieldName = "_rowsCopied";
                    static FieldInfo _rowsCopiedField = null;

                    public static int RowsCopiedCount(this SqlBulkCopy bulkCopy)
                    {
                        if (_rowsCopiedField == null) _rowsCopiedField = typeof(SqlBulkCopy).GetField(_rowsCopiedFieldName, BindingFlags.NonPublic | BindingFlags.GetField | BindingFlags.Instance);
                        return (int)_rowsCopiedField.GetValue(bulkCopy);
                    }
                }
            }
        '
            Add-Type -ReferencedAssemblies 'System.Data.dll' -TypeDefinition $source -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue
    }

    Process {
        # Supafast turbo mode requires a table lock, or it's just regular fast
        if ($turbo -eq $true) { $tablelock = $true }

        # The query parameter requires OleDB which is invoked by the "safe" variable
        # Actually, a select could be performed on the datatable used in StreamReader, too.
        # Maybe that will be done later.
        if ($query -ne "select * from csv") { $safe = $true }

        if ($first -gt 0 -and $query -ne "select * from csv") {
            throw "Cannot use both -Query and -First. If a query is necessary, use TOP $first within your SQL statement."
        }

        # In order to support -First in both Streamreader, and OleDb imports,
        # the query must be modified slightly.        
        if ($first -gt 0) { $query = "select top $first * from csv" }

        # If shell switch occured, and encrypted SQL credentials were written to
        # disk, create $SqlCredential        
        if ($SqlCredentialPath.length -gt 0) {
            $SqlCredential = Import-CliXml $SqlCredentialPath
        }

        # Get Database string from RuntimeDefinedParameter if required
        if ($database -isnot [string]) { $database = $PSBoundParameters.Database }
        if ($database.length -eq 0) { throw "You must specify a database." }

        # Check to ensure a Windows account wasn't used as a SQL Credential
        if ($SqlCredential.count -gt 0 -and $SqlCredential.UserName -like "*\*") { throw "Only SQL Logins can be used as a SqlCredential." }

        # If no CSV was specified, prompt the user to select one.
        if ($csv.length -eq 0) {
                $fd = New-Object System.Windows.Forms.OpenFileDialog
                $fd.InitialDirectory =  [environment]::GetFolderPath("MyDocuments")
                $fd.Filter = "CSV Files (*.csv;*.tsv;*.txt)|*.csv;*.tsv;*.txt"
                $fd.Title = "Select one or more CSV files"
                $fd.MultiSelect = $true
                $null = $fd.showdialog()
                $csv = $fd.filenames
                if ($csv.length -eq 0) { throw "No CSV file selected." }
        } else {
            foreach ($file in $csv) {
                $exists = Test-Path $file
                if ($exists -eq $false) { throw "$file does not exist" }
            }
        }

        # Resolve the full path of each CSV
        $resolvedcsv = @()
        foreach ($file in $csv) { $resolvedcsv += (Resolve-Path $file).Path }
        $csv = $resolvedcsv

        # UniqueIdentifier kills OLE DB / SqlBulkCopy imports. Check to see if
        # destination table contains this datatype.        
        if ($safe -eq $true) {
            $sqlcheckconn = New-Object System.Data.SqlClient.SqlConnection
            if ($SqlCredential.count -eq 0 -or $SqlCredential -eq $null) {
                $sqlcheckconn.ConnectionString = "Data Source=$sqlserver;Integrated Security=True;Connection Timeout=3; Initial Catalog=master"
            } else {
                $username = ($SqlCredential.UserName).TrimStart("\")
                $sqlcheckconn.ConnectionString = "Data Source=$sqlserver;User Id=$username; Password=$($SqlCredential.GetNetworkCredential().Password);Connection Timeout=3; Initial Catalog=master"
            }

            try { $sqlcheckconn.Open() } catch { throw $_.Exception }

            # Ensure database exists
            $sql = "select count(*) from master.dbo.sysdatabases where name = '$database'"
            $sqlcheckcmd = New-Object System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand($sql, $sqlcheckconn)
            $dbexists = $sqlcheckcmd.ExecuteScalar()
            if ($dbexists -eq $false) { throw "Database does not exist on $sqlserver" }

            # Change database after the fact, because if db doesn't exist, the
            # login would fail.            
            $sqlcheckconn.ChangeDatabase($database)

            $sql = "SELECT t.name as datatype FROM sys.columns c
                    JOIN sys.types t ON t.system_type_id = c.system_type_id
                    WHERE c.object_id = object_id('$table') and t.name != 'sysname'"
            $sqlcheckcmd = New-Object System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand($sql, $sqlcheckconn)
            $sqlcolumns = New-Object System.Data.DataTable
            $sqlcolumns.load($sqlcheckcmd.ExecuteReader("CloseConnection"))
            $sqlcheckconn.Dispose()
            if ($sqlcolumns.datatype -contains "UniqueIdentifier") {
                throw "UniqueIdentifier not supported by OleDB/SqlBulkCopy. Query and Safe cannot be supported."
            }
        }

        if ($safe -eq $true) {
            # Check for drivers. First, ACE (Access) if file is smaller than
            # 2GB, then JET ACE doesn't handle files larger than 2gb. What
            # gives?            
            foreach ($file in $csv) {
                $filesize = (Get-ChildItem $file).Length / 1GB
                if ($filesize -gt 1.99) { $jetonly = $true }
            }

            if ($jetonly -ne $true) { $provider = (New-Object System.Data.OleDb.OleDbEnumerator).GetElements() | Where-Object { $_.SOURCES_NAME -like "Microsoft.ACE.OLEDB.*" } }

            if ($provider -eq $null) {
                $provider = (New-Object System.Data.OleDb.OleDbEnumerator).GetElements() | Where-Object { $_.SOURCES_NAME -like "Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.*" }
            }

            # If a suitable provider cannot be found (If x64 and Access hasn't
            # been installed) switch to x86, because it natively supports JET            
            if ($provider -ne $null) {
                if ($provider -is [system.array]) { $provider = $provider[$provider.GetUpperBound(0)].SOURCES_NAME } else {  $provider = $provider.SOURCES_NAME }
            }

            # If a provider doesn't exist, it is necessary to switch to x86
            # which natively supports JET.            
            if ($provider -eq $null) {
                # While Install-Module takes care of installing modules to x86
                # and x64, Import-Module doesn't. Because of this, the Module
                # must be exported, written to file, and imported in the x86
                # shell.
                $definition = (Get-Command Import-CsvToSql).Definition
                $function = "Function Import-CsvToSql { $definition }"
                Set-Content "$env:TEMP\Import-CsvToSql.psm1" $function

                # Encode the SQL string, since some characters may mess up after
                # being passed a second time.                
                $bytes  = [System.Text.Encoding]::UTF8.GetBytes($query)
                $query = [System.Convert]::ToBase64String($bytes)

                # Put switches back into proper format
                $switches = @()
                $options = "TableLock","CheckConstraints","FireTriggers","KeepIdentity","KeepNulls","Default","Truncate","FirstRowColumns","Safe"
                foreach ($option in $options) {
                    $optionValue = Get-Variable $option -ValueOnly -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue
                    if ($optionValue -eq $true) { $switches += "-$option" }
                }

                # Perform the actual switch, which removes any registered
                # Import-CsvToSql modules Then imports, and finally re-executes
                # the command.                
                $csv = $csv -join ",";  $switches = $switches -join " "
                if ($SqlCredential.count -gt 0) {
                    $SqlCredentialPath =  "$env:TEMP\sqlcredential.xml"
                    Export-CliXml -InputObject $SqlCredential $SqlCredentialPath
                }
                $command = "Import-CsvToSql -Csv $csv -SqlServer '$sqlserver'-Database '$database' -Table '$table' -Delimiter '$Delimiter' -First $First -Query '$query' -Batchsize $BatchSize -NotifyAfter $NotifyAfter $switches -shellswitch"

                if ($SqlCredentialPath.length -gt 0) { $command += " -SqlCredentialPath $SqlCredentialPath"}
                Write-Verbose "Switching to x86 shell, then switching back."
                &"$env:windir\syswow64\windowspowershell\v1.0\powershell.exe" "Set-ExecutionPolicy Bypass -Scope CurrentUser;Remove-Module Import-CsvToSql -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue;Import-Module $env:TEMP\Import-CsvToSql.psm1;$command"
                return
            }
        }

        # Do the first few lines contain the specified delimiter?
        foreach ($file in $csv) {
            try { $firstfewlines = Get-Content $file -First 3 -ErrorAction Stop } catch { throw "$file is in use." }
            foreach ($line in $firstfewlines) {
                if (($line -match $delimiter) -eq $false) {  throw "Delimiter $delimiter not found in first row of $file." }
            }
        }

        # If more than one csv specified, check to ensure number of columns match
        if ($csv -is [system.array]){
            $numberofcolumns = ((Get-Content $csv[0] -First 1 -ErrorAction Stop) -Split $delimiter).Count

            foreach ($file in $csv) {
                $firstline = Get-Content $file -First 1 -ErrorAction Stop
                $newnumcolumns = ($firstline -Split $Delimiter).Count
                if ($newnumcolumns -ne $numberofcolumns) { throw "Multiple csv file mismatch. Do both use the same delimiter and have the same number of columns?" }
            }
        }

        # Automatically generate Table name if not specified, then prompt user
        # to confirm        
        if ($table.length -eq 0) {
            $table = [IO.Path]::GetFileNameWithoutExtension($csv[0])
            $title =  "Table name not specified."
            $message = "Would you like to use the automatically generated name: $table"
            $yes = New-Object System.Management.Automation.Host.ChoiceDescription "&Yes", "Uses table name $table for import."
            $no = New-Object System.Management.Automation.Host.ChoiceDescription "&No", "Allows you to specify an alternative table name."
            $options = [System.Management.Automation.Host.ChoiceDescription[]]($yes, $no)
            $result = $host.ui.PromptForChoice($title, $message, $options, 0)
            if ($result -eq 1) {
                do {$table = Read-Host "Please enter a table name"} while ($table.Length -eq 0)
            }
        }

        # If the shell has switched, decode the $query string.
        if ($shellswitch -eq $true) {
            $bytes  = [System.Convert]::FromBase64String($Query)
            $query = [System.Text.Encoding]::UTF8.GetString($bytes)
            $csv = $csv -Split ","
        }

        # Create columns based on first data row of first csv.
            Write-Output "[*] Calculating column names and datatypes"
            $columns = Get-Columns -Csv $Csv -Delimiter $Delimiter -FirstRowColumns $FirstRowColumns
            if ($columns.count -gt 255 -and $safe -eq $true) {
                    throw "CSV must contain fewer than 256 columns."
            }

            $columntext = Get-ColumnText -Csv $Csv -Delimiter $Delimiter

        # OLEDB method requires extra checks
        if ($safe -eq $true)    {
            # Advanced SQL queries may not work (SqlBulkCopy likes a 1 to 1 mapping), so warn the user.
            if ($Query -match "GROUP BY" -or $Query -match "COUNT") { Write-Warning "Script doesn't really support the specified query. This probably won't work, but will be attempted anyway." }

            # Check for proper SQL syntax, which for the purposes of this module must include the word "table"
            if ($query.ToLower() -notmatch "\bcsv\b") {
                throw "SQL statement must contain the word 'csv'. Please see this module's documentation for more details."
            }

            # In order to ensure consistent results, a schema.ini file must be created.
            # If a schema.ini already exists, it will be moved to TEMP temporarily.
            Write-Verbose "Creating schema.ini"
            $movedschemainis = Write-Schemaini -Csv $Csv -Columns $columns -Delimiter "$Delimiter" -FirstRowColumns $FirstRowColumns -ColumnText $columntext
        }

        # Display SQL Server Login info
        if ($sqlcredential.count -gt 0) { $username = "SQL login $($SqlCredential.UserName)" }
        else { $username = "Windows login $(whoami)" }
        # Open Connection to SQL Server
        Write-Output "[*] Logging into $sqlserver as $username"
        $sqlconn = New-Object System.Data.SqlClient.SqlConnection
        if ($SqlCredential.count -eq 0) {
            $sqlconn.ConnectionString = "Data Source=$sqlserver;Integrated Security=True;Connection Timeout=3; Initial Catalog=master"
        } else {
            $sqlconn.ConnectionString = "Data Source=$sqlserver;User Id=$($SqlCredential.UserName); Password=$($SqlCredential.GetNetworkCredential().Password);Connection Timeout=3; Initial Catalog=master"
        }

        try { $sqlconn.Open() } catch { throw "Could not open SQL Server connection. Is $sqlserver online?" }

        # Everything will be contained within 1 transaction, even creating a new table if required
        # and truncating the table, if specified.
        $transaction = $sqlconn.BeginTransaction()

        # Ensure database exists
        $sql = "select count(*) from master.dbo.sysdatabases where name = '$database'"
        $sqlcmd = New-Object System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand($sql, $sqlconn, $transaction)
        $dbexists = $sqlcmd.ExecuteScalar()
        if ($dbexists -eq $false) { throw "Database does not exist on $sqlserver" }
        Write-Output "[*] Database exists"

        $sqlconn.ChangeDatabase($database)

        # Ensure table exists
        $sql = "select count(*) from $database.sys.tables where name = '$table'"
        $sqlcmd = New-Object System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand($sql, $sqlconn, $transaction)
        $tablexists = $sqlcmd.ExecuteScalar()

        # Create the table if required. Remember, this will occur within a transaction, so if the script fails, the
        # new table will no longer exist.
        if ($tablexists -eq $false) {
            Write-Output "[*] Table does not exist"
            Write-Output "[*] Creating table"
            New-SqlTable -Csv $Csv -Delimiter $Delimiter -Columns $columns -ColumnText $columntext -SqlConn $sqlconn -Transaction $transaction
        } else { Write-Output "[*] Table exists" }

        # Truncate if specified. Remember, this will occur within a transaction, so if the script fails, the
        # truncate will not be committed.
        if ($truncate -eq $true) {
            Write-Output "[*] Truncating table"
            $sql = "TRUNCATE TABLE [$table]"
            $sqlcmd = New-Object System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand($sql, $sqlconn, $transaction)
            try { $null = $sqlcmd.ExecuteNonQuery() } catch { Write-Warning "Could not truncate $table" }
        }

        # Get columns for column mapping
        if ($columnMappings -eq $null) {
            $olecolumns = ($columns | ForEach-Object { $_ -Replace "\[|\]" })
            $sql = "select name from sys.columns where object_id = object_id('$table') order by column_id"
            $sqlcmd = New-Object System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand($sql, $sqlconn, $transaction)
            $sqlcolumns = New-Object System.Data.DataTable
            $sqlcolumns.Load($sqlcmd.ExecuteReader())
        }

        # Time to import!
        $elapsed = [System.Diagnostics.Stopwatch]::StartNew()

        # Process each CSV file specified
        foreach ($file in $csv) {

            # Dynamically set NotifyAfter if it wasn't specified
            if ($notifyAfter -eq 0) {
                if ($resultcount -is [int]) { $notifyafter = $resultcount/10 }
                else { $notifyafter = 50000 }
            }

            # Setup bulk copy
            Write-Output "[*] Starting bulk copy for $(Split-Path $file -Leaf)"

            # Setup bulk copy options
            $bulkCopyOptions = @()
            $options = "TableLock","CheckConstraints","FireTriggers","KeepIdentity","KeepNulls","Default","Truncate"
            foreach ($option in $options) {
                $optionValue = Get-Variable $option -ValueOnly -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue
                if ($optionValue -eq $true) { $bulkCopyOptions += "$option" }
            }
            $bulkCopyOptions = $bulkCopyOptions -join " & "

            # Create SqlBulkCopy using default options, or options specified in command line.
            if ($bulkCopyOptions.count -gt 1) { $bulkcopy = New-Object Data.SqlClient.SqlBulkCopy($oleconnstring, $bulkCopyOptions, $transaction) }
            else { $bulkcopy = New-Object Data.SqlClient.SqlBulkCopy($sqlconn,"Default",$transaction) }

            $bulkcopy.DestinationTableName = "[$table]"
            $bulkcopy.bulkcopyTimeout = 0
            $bulkCopy.BatchSize = $BatchSize
            $bulkCopy.NotifyAfter = $NotifyAfter

            if ($safe -eq $true) {
                # Setup bulkcopy mappings
                for ($columnid = 0; $columnid -lt $sqlcolumns.rows.count;  $columnid++) {
                    $null = $bulkCopy.ColumnMappings.Add($olecolumns[$columnid], $sqlcolumns.rows[$columnid].ItemArray[0])
                }

                # Setup the connection string. Data Source is the directory that contains the csv.
                # The file name is also the table name, but with a "#" instead of a "."
                $datasource = Split-Path $file
                $tablename = (Split-Path $file -leaf).Replace(".","#")
                $oleconnstring = "Provider=$provider;Data Source=$datasource;Extended Properties='text';"

                # To make command line queries easier, let the user just specify "csv" instead of the
                # OleDbconnection formatted name (file.csv -> file#csv)
                $sql = $Query -replace "\bcsv\b"," [$tablename]"

                # Setup the OleDbconnection
                $oleconn = New-Object System.Data.OleDb.OleDbconnection
                $oleconn.ConnectionString = $oleconnstring

                # Setup the OleDBCommand
                $olecmd = New-Object System.Data.OleDB.OleDBCommand
                $olecmd.Connection = $oleconn
                $olecmd.CommandText = $sql

                try { $oleconn.Open() } catch { throw "Could not open OLEDB connection." }

                # Attempt to get the number of results so that a nice progress bar can be displayed.
                # This takes extra time, and files over 100MB take too long, so just skip them.
                if ($sql -match "GROUP BY") { "Query contains GROUP BY clause. Skipping result count." }
                else { Write-Output "[*] Determining total rows to be copied. This may take a few seconds." }

                if ($sql -match "\bselect top\b")  {
                    try {
                        $split = $sql -split "\bselect top \b"
                        $resultcount = [int]($split[1].Trim().Split()[0])
                        Write-Output "[*] Attempting to fetch $resultcount rows"
                    } catch {  Write-Warning "Couldn't determine total rows to be copied." }
                } elseif ($sql -notmatch "GROUP BY") {
                    $filesize = (Get-ChildItem $file).Length / 1MB
                    if ($filesize -lt 100) {
                        try {
                            $split = $sql -split "\bfrom\b"
                            $sqlcount = "select count(*) from $($split[1])"
                            # Setup the OleDBCommand
                            $olecmd = New-Object System.Data.OleDB.OleDBCommand
                            $olecmd.Connection = $oleconn
                            $olecmd.CommandText = $sqlcount
                            $resultcount = [int]($olecmd.ExecuteScalar())
                            Write-Output "[*] $resultcount rows will be copied"
                        } catch { Write-Warning "Couldn't determine total rows to be copied" }
                    } else {
                        Write-Output "[*] File is too large for efficient result count; progress bar will not be shown."
                    }
                }
            }

            # Write to server :D
            try {
                if ($safe -ne $true) {
                    # Check to ensure batchsize isn't equal to 0
                    if ($batchsize -eq 0) {
                        write-warning "Invalid batchsize for this operation. Increasing to 50k"
                        $batchsize = 50000
                    }

                    # Open the text file from disk
                    $reader = New-Object System.IO.StreamReader($file)
                    if ($FirstRowColumns -eq $true) { $null = $reader.readLine() }

                    # Create the reusable datatable. Columns will be genereated using info from SQL.
                    $datatable = New-Object System.Data.DataTable

                    # Get table column info from SQL Server
                    $sql = "SELECT c.name as colname, t.name as datatype, c.max_length, c.is_nullable FROM sys.columns c
                            JOIN sys.types t ON t.system_type_id = c.system_type_id
                            WHERE c.object_id = object_id('$table') and t.name != 'sysname'
                            order by c.column_id"
                    $sqlcmd = New-Object System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand($sql, $sqlconn,$transaction)
                    $sqlcolumns = New-Object System.Data.DataTable
                    $sqlcolumns.load($sqlcmd.ExecuteReader())

                    foreach ($sqlcolumn in $sqlcolumns) {
                        $datacolumn = $datatable.Columns.Add()
                        $colname = $sqlcolumn.colname
                        $datacolumn.AllowDBNull = $sqlcolumn.is_nullable
                        $datacolumn.ColumnName = $colname
                        $datacolumn.DefaultValue = [DBnull]::Value
                        $datacolumn.Datatype = [string]

                        # The following data types can sometimes cause issues when they are null
                        # so we will treat them differently
                        $convert = "bigint", "DateTimeOffset", "UniqueIdentifier", "smalldatetime", "datetime"
                        if ($convert -notcontains $sqlcolumn.datatype -and $turbo -ne $true){
                            $null = $bulkCopy.ColumnMappings.Add($datacolumn.ColumnName, $sqlcolumn.colname)
                        }
                    }
                    # For the columns that cause trouble, we'll add an additional column to the datatable
                    # which will perform a conversion.
                    # Setting $column.datatype alone doesn't work as well as setting+converting.
                    if ($turbo -ne $true) {
                        $calcolumns = $sqlcolumns | Where-Object { $convert -contains $_.datatype }
                        foreach ($calcolumn in $calcolumns) {
                            $colname = $calcolumn.colname
                            $null = $newcolumn = $datatable.Columns.Add()
                            $null = $newcolumn.ColumnName = "computed$colname"
                                switch ($calcolumn.datatype) {
                                    "bigint" { $netdatatype = "System.Int64"; $newcolumn.Datatype = [int64] }
                                    "DateTimeOffset" { $netdatatype = "System.DateTimeOffset"; $newcolumn.Datatype = [DateTimeOffset] }
                                    "UniqueIdentifier" { $netdatatype = "System.Guid"; $newcolumn.Datatype = [Guid] }
                                    { "smalldatetime","datetime" -contains $_ } { $netdatatype = "System.DateTime"; $newcolumn.Datatype = [DateTime] }
                                }
                            # Use a data column expression to facilitate actual conversion
                            $null = $newcolumn.Expression = "Convert($colname, $netdatatype)"
                            $null = $bulkCopy.ColumnMappings.Add($newcolumn.ColumnName, $calcolumn.colname)
                        }
                    }

                    # Check to see if file has quote identified data (ie. "first","second","third")
                    $quoted = $false
                    $checkline = Get-Content $file -Last 1
                    $checkcolumns = $checkline.Split($delimiter)
                    foreach ($checkcolumn in $checkcolumns) {
                        if ($checkcolumn.StartsWith('"') -and $checkcolumn.EndsWith('"')) { $quoted = $true }
                    }

                    if ($quoted -eq $true) {
                        Write-Warning "The CSV file appears quote identified. This may take a little longer."
                        # Thanks for this, Chris! http://www.schiffhauer.com/c-split-csv-values-with-a-regular-expression/
                        $pattern = "((?<=`")[^`"]*(?=`"($delimiter|$)+)|(?<=$delimiter|^)[^$delimiter`"]*(?=$delimiter|$))"
                    }
                    if ($turbo -eq $true -and $first -eq 0) {
                        while (($line = $reader.ReadLine()) -ne $null)  {
                            $i++
                            if ($quoted -eq $true) {
                                $null = $datatable.Rows.Add(($line.TrimStart('"').TrimEnd('"')) -Split "`"$delimiter`"")
                            } else { $row = $datatable.Rows.Add($line.Split($delimiter)) }

                            if (($i % $batchsize) -eq 0) {
                                $bulkcopy.WriteToServer($datatable)
                                Write-Output "[*] $i rows have been inserted in $([math]::Round($elapsed.Elapsed.TotalSeconds,2)) seconds"
                                $datatable.Clear()
                            }
                        }
                    } else {
                        if ($turbo -eq $true -and $first -gt 0) { Write-Warning "Using -First makes turbo a smidge slower." }
                        # Start import!
                        while (($line = $reader.ReadLine()) -ne $null)  {
                            $i++
                            try {
                                if ($quoted -eq $true) {
                                    $row = $datatable.Rows.Add(($line.TrimStart('"').TrimEnd('"')) -Split $pattern)
                                } else { $row = $datatable.Rows.Add($line.Split($delimiter)) }
                            } catch {
                                $row = $datatable.NewRow()
                                try {
                                    $tempcolumn = $line.Split($delimiter)
                                    $colnum = 0
                                        foreach ($column in $tempcolumn) {
                                            if ($column.length -ne 0) {
                                                $row.item($colnum) = $column
                                            } else {
                                                $row.item($colnum) = [DBnull]::Value
                                            }
                                            $colnum++
                                        }
                                        $newrow = $datatable.Rows.Add($row)
                                    } catch {
                                        Write-Warning "The following line ($i) is causing issues:"
                                        Write-Output $line.Replace($delimiter,"`n")

                                        if ($quoted -eq $true) {
                                            Write-Warning "The import has failed, likely because the quoted data was a little too inconsistent. Try using the -Safe parameter."
                                        }

                                        Write-Verbose "Column datatypes:"
                                        foreach ($c in $datatable.columns) {
                                            Write-Verbose "$($c.columnname) = $($c.datatype)"
                                        }
                                        Write-Error $_.Exception.Message
                                        break
                                    }
                            }

                            if (($i % $batchsize) -eq 0 -or $i -eq $first) {
                                $bulkcopy.WriteToServer($datatable)
                                Write-Output "[*] $i rows have been inserted in $([math]::Round($elapsed.Elapsed.TotalSeconds,2)) seconds"
                                $datatable.Clear()
                                if ($i -eq $first) { break }
                            }
                        }
                    }
                    # Add in all the remaining rows since the last clear
                    if($datatable.Rows.Count -gt 0) {
                        $bulkcopy.WriteToServer($datatable)
                        $datatable.Clear()
                    }
                } else {
                    # Add rowcount output
                    $bulkCopy.Add_SqlRowscopied({
                        $script:totalrows = $args[1].RowsCopied
                        if ($resultcount -is [int]) {
                            $percent = [int](($script:totalrows/$resultcount)*100)
                            $timetaken = [math]::Round($elapsed.Elapsed.TotalSeconds,2)
                            Write-Progress -id 1 -activity "Inserting $resultcount rows" -percentcomplete $percent `
                            -status ([System.String]::Format("Progress: {0} rows ({1}%) in {2} seconds", $script:totalrows, $percent, $timetaken))
                        } else {
                            Write-Host "$($script:totalrows) rows copied in $([math]::Round($elapsed.Elapsed.TotalSeconds,2)) seconds" }
                    })

                        $bulkCopy.WriteToServer($olecmd.ExecuteReader("SequentialAccess"))
                        if ($resultcount -is [int]) { Write-Progress -id 1 -activity "Inserting $resultcount rows" -status "Complete" -Completed }

                }
                $completed = $true
            } catch {
                # If possible, give more information about common errors.
                if ($resultcount -is [int]) { Write-Progress -id 1 -activity "Inserting $resultcount rows" -status "Failed" -Completed }
                $errormessage = $_.Exception.Message.ToString()
                $completed = $false
                if ($errormessage -like "*for one or more required parameters*") {

                        Write-Error "Looks like your SQL syntax may be invalid. `nCheck the documentation for more information or start with a simple -Query 'select top 10 * from csv'"
                        Write-Error "Valid CSV columns are $columns"

                } elseif ($errormessage -match "invalid column length") {

                    # Get more information about malformed CSV input
                    $pattern = @("\d+")
                    $match = [regex]::matches($errormessage, @("\d+"))
                    $index = [int]($match.groups[1].Value)-1
                    $sql = "select name, max_length from sys.columns where object_id = object_id('$table') and column_id = $index"
                    $sqlcmd = New-Object System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand($sql, $sqlconn,$transaction)
                    $datatable = New-Object System.Data.DataTable
                    $datatable.load($sqlcmd.ExecuteReader())
                    $column = $datatable.name
                    $length = $datatable.max_length

                    if ($safe -eq $true) {
                        Write-Warning "Column $index ($column) contains data with a length greater than $length"
                        Write-Warning "SqlBulkCopy makes it pretty much impossible to know which row caused the issue, but it's somewhere after row $($script:totalrows)."
                    }
                } elseif ($errormessage -match "does not allow DBNull" -or $errormessage -match "The given value of type") {

                    if ($tablexists -eq $false) {
                        Write-Error "Looks like the datatype prediction didn't work out. Please create the table manually with proper datatypes then rerun the import script."
                    } else {
                        $sql = "select name from sys.columns where object_id = object_id('$table') order by column_id"
                        $sqlcmd = New-Object System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand($sql, $sqlconn, $transaction)
                        $datatable = New-Object System.Data.DataTable
                        $datatable.Load($sqlcmd.ExecuteReader())
                        $olecolumns = ($columns | ForEach-Object { $_ -Replace "\[|\]" }) -join ', '
                        Write-Warning "Datatype mismatch."
                        Write-Output "[*] This is sometimes caused by null handling in SqlBulkCopy or by quoted data."
                        Write-Output "[*] This could also be because the data types don't match or the order of the columns within the CSV/SQL statement "
                        Write-Output "[*] do not line up with the order of the table within the SQL Server.`n"
                        Write-Output "[*] CSV order: $olecolumns`n"
                        Write-Output "[*] SQL order: $($datatable.rows.name -join ', ')`n"
                        Write-Output "[*] If this is the case, you can reorder columns by using the -Query parameter or execute the import against a view.`n"
                        if ($safe -eq $false) {
                            Write-Output "[*] You can also try running this import using the -Safe parameter, which handles quoted text well.`n"
                        }
                        Write-Error "`n$errormessage"
                    }


                } elseif ($errormessage -match "Input string was not in a correct format" -or $errormessage -match "The given ColumnName") {
                    Write-Warning "CSV contents may be malformed."
                    Write-Error $errormessage
                } else { Write-Error $errormessage }
            }
        }

        if ($completed -eq $true) {
            # "Note: This count does not take into consideration the number of rows actually inserted when Ignore Duplicates is set to ON."
            $null = $transaction.Commit()

            if ($safe -eq $false) {
                Write-Output "[*] $i total rows copied"
            } else {
                $total = [System.Data.SqlClient.SqlBulkCopyExtension]::RowsCopiedCount($bulkcopy)
                Write-Output "[*] $total total rows copied"
            }
        } else { Write-Output "[*] Transaction rolled back." }

        # Script is finished. Show elapsed time.
        $totaltime = [math]::Round($elapsed.Elapsed.TotalSeconds,2)
        Write-Output "[*] Total Elapsed Time for bulk insert: $totaltime seconds"
    }

    End {
        # Close everything just in case & ignore errors
        try { $null = $sqlconn.close(); $null = $sqlconn.Dispose(); $null = $oleconn.close;
            $null = $olecmd.Dispose(); $null = $oleconn.Dispose(); $null = $bulkCopy.close();
            $null = $bulkcopy.dispose(); $null = $reader.close; $null = $reader.dispose() } catch {}

        # Delete all the temp files
        if ($SqlCredentialPath.length -gt 0) {
            if ((Test-Path $SqlCredentialPath) -eq $true) {
                $null = cmd /c "del $SqlCredentialPath"
            }
        }

        if ($shellswitch -eq $false -and $safe -eq $true) {
            # Delete new schema files
            Write-Verbose "Removing automatically generated schema.ini"
            foreach ($file in $csv) {
                $directory = Split-Path $file
                $null = cmd /c "del $directory\schema.ini" | Out-Null
            }

            # If a shell switch occured, delete the temporary module file.
            if ((Test-Path "$env:TEMP\Import-CsvToSql.psm1") -eq $true) { cmd /c "del $env:TEMP\Import-CsvToSql.psm1"  | Out-Null }

            # Move original schema.ini's back if they existed
            if ($movedschemainis.count -gt 0) {
                foreach ($item in $movedschemainis) {
                    Write-Verbose "Moving $($item.keys) back to $($item.values)"
                    $null = cmd /c "move $($item.keys) $($item.values)"
                }
            }
        Write-Output "[*] Finished at $(Get-Date)"
        }
    }
}