Run a command in a new Docker container.

# To run command in a new container from a tagged image:
docker run <image:tag> <command>

# To run command in a new container in background and display its ID:
docker run -d <image> <command>

# To run command in a one-off container in interactive mode and pseudo-TTY:
docker run --rm -it <image> <command>

# To run command in a new container with passed environment variables:
docker run -e '<variable>=<value>' -e <variable> <image> <command>

# To run command in a new container with bind mounted volumes:
docker run -v <path/to/host_path>:<path/to/container_path> <image> <command>

# To run command in a new container with published ports:
docker run -p <host_port>:<container_port> <image> <command>