Cross-platform/cross-python shutil.which functionality.

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

__author__ = "Daniel Roy Greenfeld"
__email__ = "pydanny@gmail.com"
__version__ = "0.5.3"

import os
import sys

try:  # Forced testing
    from shutil import which
except ImportError:  # Forced testing
    # Versions prior to Python 3.3 don't have shutil.which

    def which(cmd, mode=os.F_OK | os.X_OK, path=None):
        """Given a command, mode, and a PATH string, return the path which
        conforms to the given mode on the PATH, or None if there is no such
        file.
        `mode` defaults to os.F_OK | os.X_OK. `path` defaults to the result
        of os.environ.get("PATH"), or can be overridden with a custom search
        path.
        Note: This function was backported from the Python 3 source code.
        """
        # Check that a given file can be accessed with the correct mode.
        # Additionally check that `file` is not a directory, as on Windows
        # directories pass the os.access check.

        def _access_check(fn, mode):
            return os.path.exists(fn) and os.access(fn, mode) and not os.path.isdir(fn)

        # If we're given a path with a directory part, look it up directly
        # rather than referring to PATH directories. This includes checking
        # relative to the current directory, e.g. ./script
        if os.path.dirname(cmd):
            if _access_check(cmd, mode):
                return cmd

            return None

        if path is None:
            path = os.environ.get("PATH", os.defpath)
        if not path:
            return None

        path = path.split(os.pathsep)

        if sys.platform == "win32":
            # The current directory takes precedence on Windows.
            if os.curdir not in path:
                path.insert(0, os.curdir)

            # PATHEXT is necessary to check on Windows.
            pathext = os.environ.get("PATHEXT", "").split(os.pathsep)
            # See if the given file matches any of the expected path
            # extensions. This will allow us to short circuit when given
            # "python.exe". If it does match, only test that one, otherwise we
            # have to try others.
            if any(cmd.lower().endswith(ext.lower()) for ext in pathext):
                files = [cmd]
            else:
                files = [cmd + ext for ext in pathext]
        else:
            # On other platforms you don't have things like PATHEXT to tell you
            # what file suffixes are executable, so just pass on cmd as-is.
            files = [cmd]

        seen = set()
        for dir in path:
            normdir = os.path.normcase(dir)
            if normdir not in seen:
                seen.add(normdir)
                for thefile in files:
                    name = os.path.join(dir, thefile)
                    if _access_check(name, mode):
                        return name

        return None