PowerShell scripts to get a list of host names specified in the BackConnectionHostNames registry value, add one or more host names to the BackConnectionHostNames registry value, and removes one or more host names from the BackConnectionHostNames registry value.

<#
.SYNOPSIS
Gets the list of host names specified in the BackConnectionHostNames registry
value.

.DESCRIPTION
The BackConnectionHostNames registry value is used to bypass the loopback
security check for specific host names.

.LINK
http://support.microsoft.com/kb/896861

.EXAMPLE
.\Get-BackConnectionHostNames.ps1
fabrikam-local
www-local.fabrikam.com

Description
-----------
The output from this example assumes two host names ("fabrikam-local" and
"www-local.fabrikam.com") have previously been added to the
BackConnectionHostNames registry value .
#>

Set-StrictMode -Version Latest
$ErrorActionPreference = "Stop"

[string] $registryPath = "HKLM:\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\Lsa\MSV1_0"

$registryKey = Get-Item -Path $registryPath

$backConnectionHostNames = $registryKey.GetValue("BackConnectionHostNames")

If ($backConnectionHostNames -ne $null)
{
    $backConnectionHostNames | Write-Output
}

<#
.SYNOPSIS
Adds one or more host names to the BackConnectionHostNames registry value.

.DESCRIPTION
The BackConnectionHostNames registry value is used to bypass the loopback
security check for specific host names.

.LINK
http://support.microsoft.com/kb/896861

.EXAMPLE
.\Add-BackConnectionHostNames.ps1 fabrikam-local, www-local.fabrikam.com
#>
param(
    [parameter(Mandatory = $true, ValueFromPipeline = $true)]
    [string[]] $HostNames)

begin
{
    Set-StrictMode -Version Latest
    $ErrorActionPreference = "Stop"

    function GetBackConnectionHostNameList
    {
        [Collections.ArrayList] $hostNameList = New-Object Collections.ArrayList

        [string] $registryPath =
            "HKLM:\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\Lsa\MSV1_0"

        $registryKey = Get-Item -Path $registryPath

        $registryValue = $registryKey.GetValue("BackConnectionHostNames")

        $registryValue |
            ForEach-Object {
                $hostNameList.Add($_) | Out-Null
            }

        # HACK: Return an array (containing the ArrayList) to avoid issue with
        # PowerShell returning a string (when registry value only contains one
        # item)
        return ,$hostNameList
    }

    function SetBackConnectionHostNamesRegistryValue(
        [Collections.ArrayList] $hostNameList =
            $(Throw "Value cannot be null: hostNameList"))
    {
        $hostNameList.Sort()

        for ([int] $i = 0; $i -lt $hostNameList.Count; $i++)
        {
            If ([string]::IsNullOrEmpty($hostNameList[$i]) -eq $true)
            {
                $hostNameList.RemoveAt($i)
                $i--
            }
        }

        [string] $registryPath = "HKLM:\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\Lsa\MSV1_0"

        $registryKey = Get-Item -Path $registryPath
        $registryValue = $registryKey.GetValue("BackConnectionHostNames")

        If ($hostNameList.Count -eq 0)
        {
            Remove-ItemProperty -Path $registryPath `
                -Name BackConnectionHostNames
        }
        ElseIf ($registryValue -eq $null)
        {
            New-ItemProperty -Path $registryPath -Name BackConnectionHostNames `
                -PropertyType MultiString -Value $hostNameList | Out-Null
        }
        Else
        {
            Set-ItemProperty -Path $registryPath -Name BackConnectionHostNames `
                -Value $hostNameList | Out-Null
        }
    }

    [bool] $isInputFromPipeline = ($PSBoundParameters.ContainsKey("HostNames") -eq $false)

    [int] $hostNamesAdded = 0

    [Collections.ArrayList] $hostNameList = GetBackConnectionHostNameList
}

process
{
    If ($isInputFromPipeline -eq $true)
    {
        $items = $_
    }
    Else
    {
        $items = $HostNames
    }

    $items | foreach {
        [string] $hostName = $_

        [bool] $isHostNameInList = $false

        $hostNameList | foreach {
            If ([string]::Compare($_, $hostName, $true) -eq 0)
            {
                Write-Verbose ("The host name ($hostName) is already" `
                    + " specified in the BackConnectionHostNames list.")

                $isHostNameInList = $true
                return
            }
        }

        If ($isHostNameInList -eq $false)
        {
            Write-Verbose ("Adding host name ($hostName) to" `
                + " BackConnectionHostNames list...")

            $hostNameList.Add($hostName) | Out-Null

            $hostNamesAdded++
        }
    }
}

end
{
    If ($hostNamesAdded -eq 0)
    {
        Write-Verbose ("No changes to the BackConnectionHostNames registry" `
            + " value are necessary.")

        return
    }

    SetBackConnectionHostNamesRegistryValue $hostNameList

    Write-Verbose ("Successfully added $hostNamesAdded host name(s) to" `
        + " the BackConnectionHostNames registry value.")
}

<#
.SYNOPSIS
Removes one or more host names from the BackConnectionHostNames registry value.

.DESCRIPTION
The BackConnectionHostNames registry value is used to bypass the loopback
security check for specific host names.

.LINK
http://support.microsoft.com/kb/896861

.EXAMPLE
.\Remove-BackConnectionHostNames.ps1 fabrikam-local, www-local.fabrikam.com
#>
param(
    [parameter(Mandatory = $true, ValueFromPipeline = $true)]
    [string[]] $HostNames)

begin
{
    Set-StrictMode -Version Latest
    $ErrorActionPreference = "Stop"

    function GetBackConnectionHostNameList
    {
        [Collections.ArrayList] $hostNameList = New-Object Collections.ArrayList

        [string] $registryPath =
            "HKLM:\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\Lsa\MSV1_0"

        $registryKey = Get-Item -Path $registryPath

        $registryValue = $registryKey.GetValue("BackConnectionHostNames")

        $registryValue |
            ForEach-Object {
                $hostNameList.Add($_) | Out-Null
            }

        # HACK: Return an array (containing the ArrayList) to avoid issue with
        # PowerShell returning a string (when registry value only contains one
        # item)
        return ,$hostNameList
    }

    function SetBackConnectionHostNamesRegistryValue(
        [Collections.ArrayList] $hostNameList =
            $(Throw "Value cannot be null: hostNameList"))
    {
        $hostNameList.Sort()

        for ([int] $i = 0; $i -lt $hostNameList.Count; $i++)
        {
            If ([string]::IsNullOrEmpty($hostNameList[$i]) -eq $true)
            {
                $hostNameList.RemoveAt($i)
                $i--
            }
        }

        [string] $registryPath =
            "HKLM:\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\Lsa\MSV1_0"

        $registryKey = Get-Item -Path $registryPath

        $registryValue = $registryKey.GetValue("BackConnectionHostNames")

        If ($hostNameList.Count -eq 0)
        {
            Remove-ItemProperty -Path $registryPath `
                -Name BackConnectionHostNames
        }
        ElseIf ($registryValue -eq $null)
        {
            New-ItemProperty -Path $registryPath -Name BackConnectionHostNames `
                -PropertyType MultiString -Value $hostNameList | Out-Null
        }
        Else
        {
            Set-ItemProperty -Path $registryPath -Name BackConnectionHostNames `
                -Value $hostNameList | Out-Null
        }
    }

    [bool] $isInputFromPipeline =
        ($PSBoundParameters.ContainsKey("HostNames") -eq $false)

    [int] $hostNamesRemoved = 0

    [Collections.ArrayList] $hostNameList = GetBackConnectionHostNameList
}

process
{
    If ($isInputFromPipeline -eq $true)
    {
        $items = $_
    }
    Else
    {
        $items = $HostNames
    }

    $items | foreach {
        [string] $hostName = $_

        [bool] $isHostNameInList = $false

        for ([int] $i = 0; $i -lt $hostNameList.Count; $i++)
        {
            If ([string]::Compare($hostNameList[$i], $hostName, $true) -eq 0)
            {
                Write-Verbose ("Removing host name ($hostName) from" `
                    + " BackConnectionHostNames list...")

                $hostNameList.RemoveAt($i)
                $i--

                $hostNamesRemoved++

                $isHostNameInList = $true
            }
        }

        If ($isHostNameInList -eq $false)
        {
            Write-Verbose ("The host name ($hostName) is not" `
                + " specified in the BackConnectionHostNames list.")

        }
    }
}

end
{
    If ($hostNamesRemoved -eq 0)
    {
        Write-Verbose ("No changes to the BackConnectionHostNames registry" `
            + " value are necessary.")

        return
    }

    SetBackConnectionHostNamesRegistryValue $hostNameList

    Write-Verbose ("Successfully removed $hostNamesRemoved host name(s)" `
        + " from the BackConnectionHostNames registry value.")
}