PowerShell function to create a new hard link; which allows you to create a new name by which you can access an existing file. Windows only deletes the actual file once you delete all hard links that point to it.

##############################################################################
##
## New-FileSystemHardLink
##
## From Windows PowerShell Cookbook (O'Reilly)
## by Lee Holmes (http://www.leeholmes.com/guide)
##
##############################################################################

<#

.SYNOPSIS

Create a new hard link, which allows you to create a new name by which you
can access an existing file. Windows only deletes the actual file once
you delete all hard links that point to it.

.EXAMPLE

PS > "Hello" > test.txt
PS > dir test* | select name

Name
----
test.txt

PS > .\New-FilesystemHardLink.ps1 test.txt test2.txt
PS > type test2.txt
Hello
PS > dir test* | select name

Name
----
test.txt
test2.txt

#>

param(
    ## The existing file that you want the new name to point to
    [string] $Path,

    ## The new filename you want to create
    [string] $Destination
)

Set-StrictMode -Version 3

## Ensure that the provided names are absolute paths
$filename = $executionContext.SessionState.`
    Path.GetUnresolvedProviderPathFromPSPath($destination)
$existingFilename = Resolve-Path $path

## Prepare the parameter types and parameters for the CreateHardLink function
$parameterTypes = [string], [string], [IntPtr]
$parameters = [string] $filename, [string] $existingFilename, [IntPtr]::Zero

## Call the CreateHardLink method in the Kernel32 DLL
$currentDirectory = Split-Path $myInvocation.MyCommand.Path
$invokeWindowsApiCommand = Join-Path $currentDirectory Invoke-WindowsApi.ps1
$result = & $invokeWindowsApiCommand "kernel32" `
    ([bool]) "CreateHardLink" $parameterTypes $parameters

## Provide an error message if the call fails
if(-not $result)
{
    $message = "Could not create hard link of $filename to " +
        "existing file $existingFilename"
    Write-Error $message
}

##############################################################################
##
## Invoke-WindowsApi
##
## From Windows PowerShell Cookbook (O'Reilly)
## by Lee Holmes (http://www.leeholmes.com/guide)
##
##############################################################################

<#

.SYNOPSIS

Invoke a native Windows API call that takes and returns simple data types.

.EXAMPLE

## Prepare the parameter types and parameters for the CreateHardLink function
PS > $filename = "c:\temp\hardlinked.txt"
PS > $existingFilename = "c:\temp\link_target.txt"
PS > Set-Content $existingFilename "Hard Link target"
PS > $parameterTypes = [string], [string], [IntPtr]
PS > $parameters = [string] $filename, [string] $existingFilename,
    [IntPtr]::Zero

## Call the CreateHardLink method in the Kernel32 DLL
PS > $result = Invoke-WindowsApi "kernel32" ([bool]) "CreateHardLink" `
    $parameterTypes $parameters
PS > Get-Content C:\temp\hardlinked.txt
Hard Link target

#>

param(
    ## The name of the DLL that contains the Windows API, such as "kernel32"
    [string] $DllName,

    ## The return type expected from Windows API
    [Type] $ReturnType,

    ## The name of the Windows API
    [string] $MethodName,

    ## The types of parameters expected by the Windows API
    [Type[]] $ParameterTypes,

    ## Parameter values to pass to the Windows API
    [Object[]] $Parameters
)

Set-StrictMode -Version 3

## Begin to build the dynamic assembly
$domain = [AppDomain]::CurrentDomain
$name = New-Object Reflection.AssemblyName 'PInvokeAssembly'
$assembly = $domain.DefineDynamicAssembly($name, 'Run')
$module = $assembly.DefineDynamicModule('PInvokeModule')
$type = $module.DefineType('PInvokeType', "Public,BeforeFieldInit")

## Go through all of the parameters passed to us.  As we do this,
## we clone the user's inputs into another array that we will use for
## the P/Invoke call.
$inputParameters = @()
$refParameters = @()

for($counter = 1; $counter -le $parameterTypes.Length; $counter++)
{
    ## If an item is a PSReference, then the user
    ## wants an [out] parameter.
    if($parameterTypes[$counter - 1] -eq [Ref])
    {
        ## Remember which parameters are used for [Out] parameters
        $refParameters += $counter

        ## On the cloned array, we replace the PSReference type with the
        ## .Net reference type that represents the value of the PSReference,
        ## and the value with the value held by the PSReference.
        $parameterTypes[$counter - 1] =
            $parameters[$counter - 1].Value.GetType().MakeByRefType()
        $inputParameters += $parameters[$counter - 1].Value
    }
    else
    {
        ## Otherwise, just add their actual parameter to the
        ## input array.
        $inputParameters += $parameters[$counter - 1]
    }
}

## Define the actual P/Invoke method, adding the [Out]
## attribute for any parameters that were originally [Ref]
## parameters.
$method = $type.DefineMethod(
    $methodName, 'Public,HideBySig,Static,PinvokeImpl',
    $returnType, $parameterTypes)
foreach($refParameter in $refParameters)
{
    [void] $method.DefineParameter($refParameter, "Out", $null)
}

## Apply the P/Invoke constructor
$ctor = [Runtime.InteropServices.DllImportAttribute].GetConstructor([string])
$attr = New-Object Reflection.Emit.CustomAttributeBuilder $ctor, $dllName
$method.SetCustomAttribute($attr)

## Create the temporary type, and invoke the method.
$realType = $type.CreateType()

$realType.InvokeMember(
    $methodName, 'Public,Static,InvokeMethod', $null, $null,$inputParameters)

## Finally, go through all of the reference parameters, and update the
## values of the PSReference objects that the user passed in.
foreach($refParameter in $refParameters)
{
    $parameters[$refParameter - 1].Value = $inputParameters[$refParameter - 1]
}