Generates a globally unique identifier (GUID) in JavaScript.

/**
 * RFC4122: The version 4 UUID is meant for generating UUIDs from truly-random
 * or pseudo-random numbers.
 *
 * The algorithm is as follows:
 *
 *     Set the two most significant bits (bits 6 and 7) of the
 *        clock_seq_hi_and_reserved to zero and one, respectively.
 *
 *     Set the four most significant bits (bits 12 through 15) of the
 *        time_hi_and_version field to the 4-bit version number from Section
 *        4.1.3. Version4
 *
 *     Set all the other bits to randomly (or pseudo-randomly) chosen values.
 *
 * UUID                   = time-low "-" time-mid "-"time-high-and-version "-"clock-seq-reserved and low(2hexOctet)"-" node
 * time-low               = 4hexOctet
 * time-mid               = 2hexOctet
 * time-high-and-version  = 2hexOctet
 * clock-seq-and-reserved = hexOctet:
 * clock-seq-low          = hexOctet
 * node                   = 6hexOctet
 *
 * Format: xxxxxxxx-xxxx-4xxx-yxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx
 *
 *     y could be 1000, 1001, 1010, 1011 since most significant two bits needs to be 10
 *     y values are 8, 9, A, B
 *
 * Source:
 * https://github.com/AzureAD/azure-activedirectory-library-for-js/blob/dev/lib/adal.js
 *
 * @return {String} A new guid.
 */
function newGuid() {
    var guidHolder = "xxxxxxxx-xxxx-4xxx-yxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx";
    var hex = "0123456789abcdef";
    var r = 0;
    var guidResponse = "";

    for (var i = 0; i < 36; i++) {
        if (guidHolder[i] !== "-" && guidHolder[i] !== "4") {
            // each x and y needs to be random
            r = (Math.random() * 16) | 0;
        }

        if (guidHolder[i] === "x") {
            guidResponse += hex[r];
        } else if (guidHolder[i] === "y") {
            // clock-seq-and-reserved first hex is filtered and remaining hex values are random
            r &= 0x3; // bit and with 0011 to set pos 2 to zero ?0??
            r |= 0x8; // set pos 3 to 1 as 1???
            guidResponse += hex[r];
        } else {
            guidResponse += guidHolder[i];
        }
    }

    return guidResponse;
}